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The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity
Robert K. Merton
0691117543
Feb 2004
Hardcover
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From The Washington Post's Book World/washingtonpost.com
Robert K. Merton (1910-2003) has long been highly revered by two groups of people: sociologists, who look to the longtime Columbia professor as one of the great masters of their oft-abused discipline (see his magisterial Social Theory and Social Structure), and connoisseurs of what one might call eccentric erudition. In this latter category admirers include such diversely learned eminences as Stephen Jay Gould, Umberto Eco, Jacques Barzun and Denis Donoghue. All of these scholars, as well as many ordinary, intelligent readers, agree that Merton's On the Shoulders of Giants is one of the most delightful books of our time.Who wouldn't love OTSOG (as his classic is commonly referred to)? In that rambling, leisurely digressive "Shandean postscript," Merton goes about tracing the...


The Unfolding of Language: An Evolutionary History of Mankind's Greatest Invention
Guy Deutscher
0805079076
June 2005
Hardcover
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From Publishers Weekly
Using language himself in a lively and engaging way, Deutscher, an expert in Semitic languages at the University of Leiden in Holland, identifies two principles—the desire to create order out of chaotic reality, and the urge to vary the sounds of words and their meanings—providing the direction by which language developed and continues to develop. Rather than search for the prehistoric moment when speech originated, Deutscher says we can most profitably understand the phenomenon by taking the present as the key to the past. Using a wide array of examples, he delves into the back-formation of words (making a noun into a verb), the evolution of relative clauses from simple pointing words (that, this) and the turning of objects into nouns. On the question of whether language is innate, Deutscher takes a...


The Semantic Web
Leo Obrst
0471432571
May 2003
Paperback
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Review
"...It is perfectly pitched at the level of computer-literate managers..." (British Journal of Healthcare Computing, February 2004)

British Journal of Healthcare Computing, February 2004
"...It is perfectly pitched at the level of computer-literate managers..."

See all Editorial Reviews


A Semantic Web Primer
Grigoris Antoniou
0262012103
July 2004
Textbook Hardcover
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Book Description
The development of the Semantic Web, with machine-readable content, has the potential to revolutionize the World Wide Web and its use. A Semantic Web Primer provides an introduction and guide to this emerging field, describing its key ideas, languages, and technologies. Suitable for use as a textbook or for self-study by professionals, it concentrates on undergraduate-level fundamental concepts and techniques that will enable readers to proceed with building applications on their own. It includes exercises, project descriptions, and annotated references to relevant online materials. A Semantic Web Primer is the only available book on the Semantic Web to include a systematic treatment of the different languages (XML, RDF, OWL, and rules) and technologies (explicit metadata, ontologies, and logic and inference)...


Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics (International Non-Aristotelian Library)
Alfred Korzybski
0937298018
April 1, 1995
Hardcover
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Ontological Engineering : with examples from the areas of Knowledge Management, e-Commerce and the Semantic Web. First Edition (Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing)
Asuncion Gomez-Perez, et al
1852335513
July 22, 2004
Hardcover
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Book Description
Ontologies provide a common vocabulary of an area and define, with different levels of formality, the meaning of the terms and the relationships between them. Ontological engineering refers to the set of activities concerning the ontology development process, the ontology life cycle, the methods and methodologies for building ontologies, and the tool suites and languages that support them. During the last decade, increasing attention has been focused on ontologies. Ontologies are now widely used in knowledge engineering, artificial intelligence and computer science; in applications related to areas such as knowledge management, natural language processing, e-commerce, intelligent information integration, bio-informatics, education; and in new emerging fields like the semantic web. The book presents the major...


Words and Things
Roger Brown
0029048109
Nov 1968
Paperback
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Semantics
F. R. Palmer
0521283760
January 1981
Textbook Paperback
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Book Description
When the first edition of Semantics appeared in 1976, the developments in this aspect of language study were exciting interest not only among linguists, but among philosophers, psychologists and logicians. Professor Palmer's straightforward and comprehensive book was immediately welcomed as one of the best introductions to the subject. Interest in Semantics has been further stimulated recently by a number of significant, and often contriversial, theoretical advances; and the publication of this second edition has enabled Professor Palmer to bring his survey thoroughly up to date. There is also an important new chapter on 'Semantics and logic', showing clearly and simply the influence that logical models have had on the study of meaning. Professor Palmer always illustrates his argument with helpful examples, and his...


Horsefeathers
Charles Earle Funk
0060513373
Nov 2002
Paperback
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Book Description
Oh, horsefeathers!

If you've ever wondered why the candy is called butterscotch; why a certain southern food is called a hush puppy; why tog supports in a fireplace are known as andirons, or sometimes firedogs, you'll be fascinated by the origins of the more than 600 words discussed in "a book that gets curiouser and curiouser as it goes along" (Son Francisco Chronicle).

About the Author

Charles Earle Funk was editor in chief of the Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary Series. He wrote several other books on word and phrase origins, including Horsefeathers, Heavens to Betsy!, and Thereby Hangs a Tale.



Semantics, Vol. 1
John Lyons
0521291658
January 1977
Textbook Paperback
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Review
'Anyone who writes an up-to-date textbook of semantics has to be au fait with an extremely wide range of contemporary academic activity. John Lyons's new book demonstrates a remarkable ability to achieve such catholicity of expertise. In Volume 1 he takes his readers, with impressively sustained clarity and thoroughness, through the technical apparatus that structural or Saussurean linguistics has gradually built up for dealing with semantic problems, and also provides students of language with an invaluably simplified introduction to those developments in modern philosophy and logical theory which they will have to understand if they are to come to grips with current literature in professional journals of linguistic inquiry.' Jonathan Cohen, The Times Literary Supplement
'Given Professor Lyons's achievements, the first...


Language in Thought and Action: Fifth Edition
S. I. Hayakawa, S.I. Hayakawa
0156482401
January 1991
Paperback
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Book Description
For over 50 years, LANGUAGE IN THOUGHT AND ACTION has examined language through the lens of modern semantics. With an understanding of the roles and different uses of language, one can better communicate with those around them. Like the first edition, LANGUAGE IN THOUGHT AND ACTION uses poignant and relevant examples to better explain the subtleties and nuiances of language. --This text refers to the Paperback edition.


Semantics
John I. Saeed
0631226923
January 2003
Hardcover
·
 
Book Description
This book provides an engaging introduction to semantics for students new to the field. It covers the basic concepts and methods of the field and discusses some of the most important contemporary lines of research.Semantics is divided into three parts: the first establishes the place of semantics within linguistics and its relationship to other disciplines. The second introduces key topics in the description of word and sentence meaning. The final part reviews the three main current theoretical approaches to semantics: componential theory, formal semantics, and cognitive semantics. Each chapter contains exercises that familiarize the student with the practice of semantic description.The second edition of this classic work is a complete revision that updates and extends the discussion of theories and is a vital resource...


Discourse Beliefs
Katarzyna Jaszczolt
0080430600
Nov 1999
Hardcover
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Frank Brisard, Pragmatics
September 2000 ...of interest to linguists, philosophers of language (and of mind), social anthropologists, and cognitive scientists.

Review
Dr Billy Clark, Middlesex University
extremely interesting and original...the majority of researchers interested in this topic are explicitly aware of the fact that it crosses the boundary between (linguistics and philosophy). This book clearly crosses that boundary and seems to have a broader scope than most works in this area.

Alessandro Tavano, University of Trieste
Default Semantics nevertheless represents an attempt at bridging the gap between actual uses of utterances in communication, which seem intuitively governed by default rules, and theoretical descriptions, which require an explicit model to fit non...


Semantics
John I. Saeed
0631226931
February 2003
Textbook Paperback
·
 
Book Description
This book provides an engaging introduction to semantics for students new to the field. It covers the basic concepts and methods of the field and discusses some of the most important contemporary lines of research.Semantics is divided into three parts: the first establishes the place of semantics within linguistics and its relationship to other disciplines. The second introduces key topics in the description of word and sentence meaning. The final part reviews the three main current theoretical approaches to semantics: componential theory, formal semantics, and cognitive semantics. Each chapter contains exercises that familiarize the student with the practice of semantic description.The second edition of this classic work is a complete revision that updates and extends the discussion of theories and is a vital resource...


The Semantics/Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View (Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface S.)
K. Turner
0080430805
June 1999
Hardcover
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Dr Francisco Yus, LINGUIST List 10.1596
1999 ...the reader will find no 'philosopher's stone' to satisfy everyone but, rather, "different points of view" illlustrating where in a hypothetical semantic/pragmatic continuum [the] interface lies. It is precisely this multiplicity of perspectives and instructive lack of agreement that I find most interesting in this book.... highly recommendable reading for anybody interested in the roles that semantics and pragmatics play in the production and comprehension of language. The book avoids reductionist views of semantics and pragmatics and acknowledges a more adequate role of pragmatics beyond the cliche "wastebasket" of semantics. It offers fifteen interesting views of where a hypothetical interface between them might possibly occur, and no claim is made (by the editor) about the superiority...


Semantics and Cognition (Current Studies in Linguistics)
Ray S. Jackendoff
0262600137
September 10, 1985
Paperback
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Book Description
This book emphasizes the role of semantics as a bridge between the theory of language and the theories of other cognitive capacities such as visual perception and motor control. It develops the position that the study of semantics of natural language is the study of the structure of thought, and that grammatical structure offers a much more important source of evidence for the theory of cognition than is often supposed by linguists, philosophers, psychologists, or computer scientists.

Ray Jackendoff is Professor of Linguistics and Chairman of the Linguistics and Cognitive Science Program at Brandeis University. His most recent book, coauthored with Fred Lerdahl, is A Generative Theory of Tonal Music (MIT Press paperback). Semantics and Cognition is included in the series, Current Studies in...


Semantics
John I. Saeed
0631200355
March 1997
Textbook Paperback
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Book Description
This volume provides an engaging introduction to semantics for readers new to the subject. The book has three sections. Part I is concerned with the place of semantics within linguistics and its relation with the disciplines of philosophy and psychology. Part II introduces central topics in the description of word and sentence meaning. Part III reviews the three main current theoretical approaches to semantics: componential theory, formal semantics and cognitive semantics. The book discusses semantic phenomena from a wide range of languages. Each chapter contains exercises to allow the reader to explorethe issues raised, and suggestions fro further readings.

About the Author
John I. Saeed is Senior Lecturer in the Centre for Language and Communication Studies, Trinity...


The Lexicon-Encyclopedia Interface (Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface S.)
Peeters Bert Peeters
0080435912
Jan 2000
Hardcover
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Review
Jaroslav Peregrin, Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
A trenchant discussion of what is now felt as one of the most exciting problems of natural language semantics and pragmatics, namely the possibility of separating questions of meaning from questions of factual knowledge.

Julio Cabrera, University of Brasilia
...The entire collection is prefaced with a text by the editor, in which he succinctly but thoughtfully describes the theoretical frameworks used in the debate (Sections 0-8) and summarizes each of the contributions contained in the book (Section 9). The preface also contains a long list of bibliographical references, besides those of each article.
Prgamatics and Cognition
Adam Glaz, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin
Apart from its other assets (author, subject, and language...


Going Nucular: Language, Politics, and Culture in Confrontational Times
Geoffrey Nunberg
1586483455
June 2005
Textbook Paperback
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Book Review
Geoffrey Nunberg can make one quite self conscious to write even a simple sentence. And yes, that is a compliment. A regular language commentator on NPR's Fresh Air, Nunberg examines the curious ways in which the modern language expresses far more about history, politics, and culture than most casual English users would ever realize. Going Nucular, besides having one of the more whimsical titles to come along in a while, offers up scores of chapters, each examining specific words, phrases, or verbal tendencies. And while words like "terrorism", "fascism", "appeasement", and "Caucasian" (and even the hapless "like" and "ain't") are tossed about regularly in contemporary usage, achieving an understanding of their origin and evolution can serve to better explain not just the word but the issue to which it is attached. Other...


Presuppositions and Pronouns
Bart Geurts
0080435920
Dec 1999
Hardcover
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Book Description
In this volume, Geurts takes discourse representation theory (DRT), and turns it into a unified account of anaphora and presupposition, which he applies not only to the standard problem cases but also to the interpretation of modal expressions, attitude reports, and proper names. The resulting theory, for all its simplicity, is without doubt the most comprehensive of its kind to date.
The central idea underlying Geurts' 'binding theory' of presupposition is that anaphora is just a special case of presupposition projection. But this is only one of the ways in which the concept of presupposition is taken beyond its traditional limits. Geurts shows, furthermore, that presupposition projection is crucially involved in several phenomena that are not usually viewed in presuppositional terms, such as modal subordination,...


Developing Semantic Web Services
H. Peter Alesso, Craig F. Smith
1568812124
October 2004
Paperback
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David Martin, editor OWL-S Coalition
"well-informed . . . the book … fill[s] a need that, to my knowledge, hasn’t been met at all."

Book Description
This book presents the new generation Web markup languages, including RDF, OWL, and OWL Services along with examples and software demos.

See all Editorial Reviews


Modality Issues in the Semantics
Anna Papafragou
008043634X
Jan 2000
Paperback
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Review
Neil Smith, University College London, UK
This innovative treatment of modality in natural language blends insights from linguistics, philosophy and psychology to give a new overview of a complex phenomenon. Papafragou develops a largely relevance-theoretic account of the modals, which claims that they are not ambiguous but that their interpretation depends crucially on the notion of metarepresentation. A core part of the book is an elegant explantion for the order of emergence of the modals in first language acquisition. It will be essential reading for all future work in the area.

Tanja Mortelmans
As one of the many studies on the English modals, Papafragou's work stands out as a relevance-theoretic account of the meaning of the English modals, which also pay considerable attention to theoretical issues...


Language and Symbolic Power
Pierre Bourdieu
0674510410
January 1991
Paperback
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Review
Dell Hymes, University of Virginia : A perspective that is both skeptical and empirical, broad yet subtle, engaged and insightful.

Book Description

This volume brings together Bourdieu's highly original writings on language and on the relations among language, power, and politics. Bourdieu develops a forceful critique of traditional approaches to language, including the linguistic theories of Saussure and Chomsky and the theory of speech-acts elaborated by Austin and others. He argues that language should he viewed not only as a means of communication but also as a medium of power through which individuals pursue their own interests and display their practical competence.

Drawing on the concepts that are part of his distinctive theoretical approach. Bourdieu maintains that...



Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning
Hans Kamp
0080436943
Nov 2004
Hardcover
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Book Description
Does context and context-dependence belong to the research agenda of semantics - and, specifically, of formal semantics? Not so long ago many linguists and philosophers would probably have given a negative answer to the question. However, recent developments in formal semantics have indicated that analyzing natural language semantics without a thorough accommodation of context-dependence is next to impossible. The classification of the ways in which context and context-dependence enter semantic analysis, though, is still a matter of much controversy and some of these disputes are ventilated in the present collection. This book is not only a collection of papers addressing context-dependence and methods for dealing with it: it also records comments to the papers and the authors' replies to the comments. In this way, the...


Philosophical Investigations: The German Text, With a Revised English Translation
Ludwig Wittgenstein, et al
0631231277
January 2002
Hardcover
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Book Description
Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations presents his own distillation of two decades of intense work on the philosophies of mind, language and meaning. When first published in 1953, it immediately entered the center of philosophical debate, and achieved a classic status it has retained ever since.This revised German-English edition is published on the fiftieth anniversary of Wittgenstein's death. It incorporates final revisions by G. E. M. Anscombe (1919-2001) to her original English translation.No distribution rights for this book is available outside the USA and North America.

Language Notes
Text: English, German (translation)
Original Language: German --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.


Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface
Robert D. Van Valin
052101056X
July 2005
Paperback
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Book Description
While all languages can achieve the same basic communicative ends, they each use different means to achieve them, particularly in the divergent ways that syntax, semantics and pragmatics interact across languages. Written within the framework of Role and Reference Grammar, which proposes a set of rules to link semantic and syntactic relations to each other, this book discusses in detail how structure, meaning, and communicative function interact in human languages. Clearly written and comprehensive, it will be welcomed by all those working on the interface between syntax, semantics and pragmatics.

About the Author
Robert D. Van Valin Jr. is Professor and Chair of Linguistics at the State University of New York, Buffalo.

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