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Nuclear Physics: Principles and Applications

0471979368


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Review
"...This is a very good book indeed..." (Contemporary PhysicsVol. 43, No.3 2002)

Book Description
This title provides the latest information on nuclear physics. Based on a course entitled Applications of Nuclear Physics. Written from an experimental point of view this text is broadly divided into two parts, firstly a general introduction to Nuclear Physics and secondly its applications.
* Includes chapters on practical examples and problems
* Contains hints to solving problems which are included in the appendix
* Avoids complex and extensive mathematical treatments
* A modern approach to nuclear physics, covering the basic theory, but emphasising the many and important applications

See all Editorial Reviews


American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer
Kai Bird
0375726268
April 2006
Paperback
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Book Review
In American Prometheus, Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin delve deep into J. Robert Oppenheimer's life and deliver a thorough and devastatingly sad biography of the man whose very name has come to represent the culmination of 20th century physics and the irrevocable soiling of science by governments eager to exploit its products. Rich in historical detail and personal narratives, the book paints a picture of Oppenheimer as both a controlling force and victim of the mechanisms of power.

By the time the story reaches Oppenheimer's fateful Manhattan Project work, readers have been swept along much as the project's young physicists were by fate and enormous pressure. The authors allow the scientists to speak for themselves about their reactions to the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, avoiding any sort of preacherly tone...



Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory
Brian Greene
0375708111
February 2000
Paperback
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Book Review
There is an ill-concealed skeleton in the closet of physics: "As they are currently formulated, general relativity and quantum mechanics cannot both be right." Each is exceedingly accurate in its field: general relativity explains the behavior of the universe at large scales, while quantum mechanics describes the behavior of subatomic particles. Yet the theories collide horribly under extreme conditions such as black holes or times close to the big bang. Brian Greene, a specialist in quantum field theory, believes that the two pillars of physics can be reconciled in superstring theory, a theory of everything.

Superstring theory has been called "a part of 21st-century physics that fell by chance into the 20th century." In other words, it isn't all worked out yet. Despite the uncertainties--"string theorists work to find...



Elementary Theory of Angular Momentum

0486684806


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Book Description
High-level treatment offers especially clear discussions of the general theory and its applications. Basic principles, coupling coefficients for vector addition, transformation properties of the angular momentum wave functions under rotations of the coordinate axes, irreducible tensors and Racah coefficients. Also, applications involving oriented nuclei, coupling schemes in nuclear reactions, more. References. 1957 edition.


Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory
Brian Greene
0393058581
October 2003
Hardcover
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Book Review
There is an ill-concealed skeleton in the closet of physics: "As they are currently formulated, general relativity and quantum mechanics cannot both be right." Each is exceedingly accurate in its field: general relativity explains the behavior of the universe at large scales, while quantum mechanics describes the behavior of subatomic particles. Yet the theories collide horribly under extreme conditions such as black holes or times close to the big bang. Brian Greene, a specialist in quantum field theory, believes that the two pillars of physics can be reconciled in superstring theory, a theory of everything.

Superstring theory has been called "a part of 21st-century physics that fell by chance into the 20th century." In other words, it isn't all worked out yet. Despite the uncertainties--"string theorists work to find...



Introductory Nuclear Physics

047180553X


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Book Description
This comprehensive text provides an introduction to basic nuclear physics, including nuclear decays and reactions and nuclear structure, while covering the essential areas of basic research and practical applications. Its emphasis on phenomonology and the results of real experiments distinguish this from all other texts available. Discussions of theory are reinforced with examples which illustrate and apply the theoretical formulism, thus aiding students in their reading and analysis of current literature. The text is designed to provide a core of material for students with minimal background in mathematics or quantum theory and offers more sophisticated material in separate sections.

The publisher, John Wiley & Sons
This comprehensive text provides an introduction to basic...


The Theory of Almost Everything
Robert Oerter
0132366789
Aug 2005
Hardcover
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From Publishers Weekly
The Standard Model of Elementary Particles (the "Standard Model" to those in the know) can explain nearly everything from the workings of the sun to the structure of, say, a garbage can, but it can't explain gravity, which is why physicists still have jobs. Oerter, in this highly accessible volume, explains the Standard Model to the everyman, using literary references and easy-to-follow analogies to make clear mind-bending physics principles. Subatomic particles got you down? Think about a BB gun and a Nerf ball. String theory? Why, it's similar to a guitar, of course. Oerter concedes "the Theory of Almost Everything has major deficiencies," especially in light of the recently discovered dark matter and dark energy, and physicists are closer than ever to discovering the Theory of Everything that will supplant the...


Atom
Isaac Asimov
0452268346
Aug 1992
Paperback
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From Publishers Weekly
It takes our best science writers, plus readers current with the whimsical new language of particle physics, to keep up with the leapfrog pace of theory and observation today. Fortunately, Asimov does his part in this report on recent theoretical physics developments that includes just enough history to add human dimension to the latest discussions of the nature of matter. Missing here are the characteristic Asimov metaphors and asides, suggesting that, while juggling so many pure concepts at once, he chooses not to distract his readers. No matter, they will welcome this straightforward guide to the Alice-like world of down-quarks, muons, leptons and other subatomic particles--most of which are believed to exist but have not yet been seen. When information does start coming in from the supercollider, this will be...


Warped Passages : Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe's Hidden Dimensions
Lisa Randall
0060531088
September 1, 2005
Hardcover
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From Publishers Weekly
The concept of additional spatial dimensions is as far from intuitive as any idea can be. Indeed, although Harvard physicist Randall does a very nice job of explaining—often deftly through the use of creative analogies—how our universe may have many unseen dimensions, readers' heads are likely to be swimming by the end of the book. Randall works hard to make her astoundingly complex material understandable, providing a great deal of background for recent advances in string and supersymmetry theory. As coauthor of the two most important scientific papers on this topic, she's ideally suited to popularize the idea. What is absolutely clear is that physicists simply do not yet know if there are extra dimensions a fraction of a millimeter in size, dimensions of infinite size or only the dimensions we see....


Nuclear Physics
Enrico Fermi
0226243656
August 1974
Paperback
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Book Description
This volume presents, with some amplification, the notes on the lectures on nuclear physics given by Enrico Fermi at the University of Chicago in 1949. "The compilers of this publication may be warmly congratulated. . . . The scope of this course is amazing: within 240 pages it ranges from the general properties of atomic nuclei and nuclear forces to mesons and cosmic rays, and includes an account of fission and elementary pile theory. . . . The course addresses itself to experimenters rather than to specialists in nuclear theory, although the latter will also greatly profit from its study on account of the sound emphasis laid everywhere on the experimental approach to problems. . . . There is a copious supply of problems."—Proceedings of the Physical Society "Only a relatively few students are privileged...


The Fly in the Cathedral
Brian Cathcart
0374530262
Jan 2006
Paperback
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Book Review
If you want to understand how something works, you can dismantle it and study its pieces. But what if the thing you're curious about is too small to see, even with the most powerful microscope? Brian Cathcart's The Fly in the Cathedral tells the intriguing story of how scientists were able to take atoms apart to reveal the secrets of their structures. To keep the story gripping, Cathcart focuses on a time (1932, the annus mirabilis of British physics), a place (Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory), and a few main characters (Ernest Rutherford, the "father of nuclear physics," and his protégés, John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton).

Rutherford and his team knew that the long-accepted atomic model was held together by nothing more than trumped-up math and hope. They hoped to find out what held oppositely charged...



Nuclear Physics 2e
Wong Samuel S. M.
0471239739
June 2004
Textbook Hardcover
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Book Description
A comprehensive, unified treatment of present-day nuclear physics-the fresh edition of a classic text/reference.

"A fine and thoroughly up-to-date textbook on nuclear physics . . . most welcome." -Physics Today (on the First Edition).

What sets Introductory Nuclear Physics apart from other books on the subject is its presentation of nuclear physics as an integral part of modern physics. Placing the discipline within a broad historical and scientific context, it makes important connections to other fields such as elementary particle physics and astrophysics.

Now fully revised and updated, this Second Edition explores the changing directions in nuclear physics, emphasizing new developments and current research-from superdeformation to quark-gluon plasma. Author Samuel S.M....


American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer
Kai Bird
0375412026
April 2005
Hardcover
·
 
Book Review
In American Prometheus, Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin delve deep into J. Robert Oppenheimer's life and deliver a thorough and devastatingly sad biography of the man whose very name has come to represent the culmination of 20th century physics and the irrevocable soiling of science by governments eager to exploit its products. Rich in historical detail and personal narratives, the book paints a picture of Oppenheimer as both a controlling force and victim of the mechanisms of power.

By the time the story reaches Oppenheimer's fateful Manhattan Project work, readers have been swept along much as the project's young physicists were by fate and enormous pressure. The authors allow the scientists to speak for themselves about their reactions to the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, avoiding any sort of preacherly tone...



Arithmetic Made Simple
Robert Belge
0385239386
Nov 1988
(Paperback) - Revised Ed.
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Book Description
For almost four decades, Made Simple books have set the standard for continuing education and home study. In answer to the changing needsof today's marketplace, the Made Simple series for the '90s presents a thoroughly up-to-the-minute portfolio of skills, information, and experience, with revised and updated editions of bestselling titles, plus a whole range of new subjects from personal finance to office management to desktop publishing.

B & W illustrations throughout

From the Publisher
For almost four decades, Made Simple books have set the standard for continuing education and home study. In answer to the changing needsof today's marketplace, the Made Simple series for the '90s presents a thoroughly up-to-the-minute portfolio of...


Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (5 Volume Set)
Edward D. Palik
012544415X
January 15, 1997
Hardcover
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Review
PRAISE FOR THE FIVE-VOLUME SET
"This book will serve as a useful reference. The editor and contributors deserve a measure of thanks for their effort to facilitate for us the finding values of the optical constants of 37 solids and for providing an in-one-place summary of several techniques for determination of n and k."
--R.M.A. Azzam and Jacqueline Casset in APPLIED OPTICS
"The beauty of this book is in the breadth of the spectral range covered....The value of this compilation of critically reviewed optical data far outweighs the books deficiencies and...this handbook must be regarded as a necessity in any physics or materials science reference library."
--David M. Roessler, General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Michigan, in OPTICAL NEWS
"The editor prepared a table that summarizes the optical properties...


Introduction to Elementary Particles
David Griffiths
0471603864


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Book Description
This is the first quantitative treatment of elementary particle theory that is accessible to undergraduates. Using a lively, informal writing style, the author strikes a balance between quantitative rigor and intuitive understanding. The first chapter provides a detailed historical introduction to the subject. Subsequent chapters offer a consistent and modern presentation, covering the quark model, Feynman diagrams, quantum electrodynamics, and gauge theories. A clear introduction to the Feynman rules, using a simple model, helps readers learn the calculational techniques without the complications of spin. And an accessible treatment of QED shows how to evaluate tree-level diagrams. Contains an abundance of worked examples and many end-of-chapter problems.


How to Build a Nuclear Bomb
Frank Barnaby
1560256036
Apr 2004
Paperback
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Book Description
Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) are the greatest threat to national security in the twenty-first century. How to Build a Nuclear Bomb explains what it takes for a rogue state or terrorist group to obtain and use them. But nuclear weapons and terrorism expert Frank Barnaby has not written a collection of scare stories. His purpose in How to Build a Nuclear Bomb is to counteract the "misinformation, often put out for propaganda purposes" and general ignorance on this most urgent of topics. Barnaby describes, in straightforward, non-sensational terms what is involved when a state or a terrorist group sets out to make a weapon of mass destruction, what they are capable of doing, and what is needed to produce one. By outlining the parameters of the problem, Barnaby is able to accurately gauge the threat that WMD pose,...


Nuclear Physics
Harry Henderson
0816035679
January 1998
Hardcover
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From Kirkus Reviews
The history of physics since the turn of the century is set forth in seven biographies that concentrate on the people and lives behind the scientific breakthroughs of the nuclear age. Beginning with the Curies' radiation experimentation, Henderson (Modern Mathematicians, 1995) reveals how each scientist chronologically and inspirationally built on the findings of his or her predecessors and colleagues. Neils Bohr relied on Rutherford's ideas about the nuclear atom for his theories of quantum physics; Lise Meitner expanded upon the work of the Curies, Einstein, Fermi, and Planck for her groundbreaking developments in nuclear fission. Clear language and precise examples mark the discussion of each pioneer and their innovations, from the discovery of X rays and the naming of electrons and protons, to the atomic bomb...


Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Physical Principles and Sequence Design
E. Mark Haacke, et al
0471351288
June 15, 1999
Hardcover
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Review
I would recommend it to any MR scientist as an excellent reference book & as required reading for those beginning research studies in MRI physics..."(Neuro-Radiology, Vol 42/9, 2000)

"As a one-stop shop for basic MR physics and pulse sequences it is close to perfect." (Neuroradiology, Vol 24/9, 2000)

Book Description
This book provides a synoptic introduction to the key fundamental and operational principles of MRI for medical physicists, radiologists,biochemists, and students. It addresses basic NMR principles, basic imaging concepts, Fourier transform concepts and fundamental applications such as chemical shift imaging, rf pulse design, fast imaging, motion and flow, MR angiography, diffusion, sequence design, and coil concepts.

See all...



Nuclear Physics
Carlos A. Bertulani (Editor)
9810232306
January 1997
Hardcover
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Book Info
This review is intended for non-experts in neutrino physics and astrophysics. Topics covered here are chosen from those phenomena where the underlying microphysics is nuclear physics.


Particle Physics
Frank Close
0192804340
Apr 2004
Paperback
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Book Description
In Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction, best-selling author Frank Close provides a compelling and lively introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe. The book begins with a guide to what matter is made up of and how it evolved, and goes on to describe the
fascinating and cutting-edge techniques used to study it. The author discusses particles such as quarks, electrons, and the neutrino, and exotic matter and antimatter. He also investigates the forces of nature, accelerators and detectors, and the intriguing future of particle physics. This book is
essential reading for general readers interested in popular science, students of physics, and scientists at all levels.


Spin Dynamics: Basics of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Malcolm H. Levitt
0471489220
August 15, 2001
Paperback
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Review
"Overall for the right, highly targeted readership, this is an excellent textbook" (Times Higher Educational Supplement, 22 February 2002)

"This is an excellent book...that many teachers of NMR spectroscopy will cherish..." (NMR in Biomedicine, June 2002) 

"...Overall this is an excellent book..." (Physical Sciences Educational Reviews, November 2002)

"...Spin Dynamics provides an excellent middle of the range text for physical chemists and biophysicists..." (Contemporary Physics, Vol.44, No.2, 2003)

"I strongly recommend this book to everyone…it is probably the best modern comprehensive description of the subject." (Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, Vol. 42, 2003)

NMR in Biomedicine, June 2002
"This is an excellent...



109 East Palace: Robert Oppenheimer and the Secret City of Los Alamos
Jennet Conant
0743250079
April 2005
Hardcover
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From Publishers Weekly
Conant, author of the bestselling Tuxedo Park, offers a human look at the brilliant physicists who for more than two years, along with their families, lived, laughed, despaired and rejoiced in a secret, sequestered, for some claustrophobic city in the New Mexico desert. Despite its grand name, 109 East Palace was the nondescript office in Santa Fe that served as a gateway to the Los Alamos complex. The narrative is framed by the perspective of Dorothy McKibben, who, in running that office, issuing security passes and coordinating logistics, was, says Conant, the "gatekeeper" to the hidden world of Los Alamos. Conant focuses on the day-to-day experience of the scientists, technicians and families stationed at Los Alamos, fleshing out their history in unexpected ways. While her protagonists are brilliant men and...


A First Course in String Theory
Barton Zwiebach
0521831431
June 2004
Hardcover
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Review
Advance praise: 'A refreshingly different approach to string theory that requires remarkably little previous knowledge of quantum theory or relativity. This highlights fundamental features of the theory that make it so radically different from theories based on point-like particles. This book makes the subject amenable to undergraduates but it will also appeal greatly to beginning researchers who may be overwhelmed by the standard textbooks. Furthermore, all of this is accomplished with great elegance in a single volume.' Professor Michael Green, University of Cambridge
'Barton Zwiebach has written a careful and thorough introduction to string theory that is suitable for a full-year course at the advanced undergraduate level. There has been much demand for a book about string theory at this level, and this one should go a...


Oppenheimer
Jeremy Bernstein
1566636663
Sept 2005
Paperback
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From Publishers Weekly
In his preface to this portrait, Bernstein (Cranks, Quarks, and the Cosmos, etc.) is up front with his intentions; "I make no pretense of trying to write a 'definitive' biography of Oppenheimer." Bernstein, a physicist who was a staff writer at the New Yorker for 39 years, is known for his profiles of top scientists, and this book is best understood as an extended magazine profile rather than an exhaustive portrait of the controversial J. Robert Oppenheimer. The author hits all the high (and low) points of Oppenheimer's life, from his role as director of the Los Alamos team that developed the atomic bomb to his struggles with the government during the McCarthy era, but we never really understand what made the physicist tick. Throughout, our view of Oppenheimer is firmly rooted in Bernstein's perspective, fleshed...


The Copenhagen Papers: An Intrigue
Michael Frayn
0641619553

Hardcover
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A First Course in General Relativity
Bernard F. Schutz
0521277035
January 31, 1985
Paperback
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Review
"Schutz has such mastery of the material that it soon becomes clear that one is in authoritative hands, and topics are selected and developed only to a point where they prove adequate for future needs." The Times Higher Education Supplement

"...ought to inspire more physicists and astronomers to teach--and learn--the other half of the 20th century's revolution in physics." Foundations of Physics

"The book is a goldmine of cleverly constructed problems and exercises (and solutions!)..." Nature

Book Description
General relativity has become one of the central pillars of theoretical physics, with important applications in both astrophysics and high-energy particle physics, and no modern theoretical physicist's education should be regarded as complete without some study of the...



Deep Down Things : The Breathtaking Beauty of Particle Physics
Bruce A. Schumm
080187971X
November 1, 2004
Hardcover
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New Scientist, January 15, 2005
Quantum field theory, group theory, Lie algebras... [Schumm] does a remarkably good job ... with a style that is mercifully plain.

Review
"A fascinating journey into the bizarre, subatomic world of particle physics." -- PhysOrg.com
"Quantum field theory, group theory, Lie algebras, internal symmetry spaces and gauge theory. [Schumm] does a remarkably good job of explaining all this, with a style that is mercifully plain. " -- Peter de Groot, New Scientist
"Explores the world of particle physics in terms laymen can understand. " -- Santa Cruz Sentinel
"I expect that any physics undergraduate, bewildered by textbooks and lectures, would find this a delight." -- Stephen Battersby, New Scientist
"One of several recently published books attempting to...

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